word

I
(New American Roget's College Thesaurus)
Written communication
Nouns
1. word, term, expression, locution, linguistic unit or form, word form, lexeme; homonym, synonym, antonym, heteronym, homophone; syllable, monosyllable, polysyllable; stem, root, derivative, inflected form (see grammar); particle, article; affix, prefix, suffix, combining form, element, proclytic, enclitic. See writing, nomenclature, language, news, information, promise.
2. compound, back formation, phrase, cognate, etymon, ghost word, holophrase; phone, ideophone, phoneme, utterance (see speech); neologism, neoterism, coinage, nonce word, sniglet; archaism; borrowing, paronym, loanword, calque, loan translation, pochismo; ink-horn term; portmanteau word, macaronicism, hybrid; colloquialism, informalism, localism, dialect, slang; barbarism, spoonerism, corruption (see error); password, watchword (see indication); technical term, jargon, cant. Informal, jawbreaker.
3. dictionary, lexicon, glossary, vocabulary, thesaurus, word treasury, word hoard, lexis, direct or linguistic atlas; concordance; definiens, definiendum.
4. lexicography, lexicology; [folk] etymology, derivation, comparative linguistics.
5. lexicographer, lexicologist, etymologist; neologist; phrasemaker; word-smith, writer (see writing).
Verbs — coin a word or phrase; put into words, express.
Adjectives — verbal; lexicographical, lexicological, etymological; neological; morphological, inflectional, derivative.
Phrases — all words are pegs to hang ideas on; sticks and stones may break my bones, but words will never hurt me; talk is cheap; one picture is worth ten thousand words; the pen is mightier than the sword.
Quotations — Words are, of course, the most powerful drug used by mankind (Rudyard Kipling), Words are chameleons, which reflect the color of their environment (Learned Hand), There is no use indicting words, they are no shoddier than what they peddle (Samuel Beckett), Man does not live by words alone, despite the fact that he sometimes has to eat them (Adlai Stevenson).
II
(Roget's IV) n.
1. [A unit of expression]
Syn. term, name, expression, designation, concept, vocable, utterance, sound, a voicing, form of speech, speech, locution, free morpheme, morpheme word, lexeme.
Classes of words include: common noun, proper noun, personal pronoun, possessive pronoun, demonstrative pronoun, relative pronoun, interrogative pronoun, indefinite pronoun, definite article, indefinite article, transitive verb, intransitive verb, phrasal verb, descriptive adjective, quantitative adjective, participial adjective, adverb, coordinating conjunction, subordinate conjunction, relative conjunction, interjection, gerund, preposition, modifier, subject, predicate, loan word, root, primitive word, parent word, source word, etymon, synonym, antonym, cognative word, analogous word, derivative, slang, colloquialism, jargon, slang word, vulgarism, four-letter word*, dialect word, provincialism, translation, native word, foreign word, idiom, connotative word, denotative word, acronym, eponym.
2. [Promise]
Syn. pledge, commitment, oath, word of honor; see declaration 2 , promise .
3. [Tidings]
Syn. report, news, information, advice, message, intelligence, announcement, account.
4. [A brief discourse]
Syn. talk, introduction, statement; see speech 3 .
a good word,
Syn. favorable comment, recommendation, support; see praise 2 .
be as good as one's word,
Syn. keep faith, be faithful, fulfill one's promise, live up to a promise; see achieve 1 , complete 1 .
by word of mouth,
Syn. orally, verbally, through the grapevine, spoken; see oral .
hang on someone's words,
Syn. listen to, adore, look up to; see admire 1 , listen 1 , 2 .
have words with,
Syn. argue with, differ with, differ from, bicker; see argue 1 , fight 1 , 2 .
in so many words,
Syn. succinctly, cursorily, economically; see briefly 1 .
man or [m1]woman of his or [m1]her word,
Syn. honorable man, honorable woman, trustworthy person, good risk; see gentleman 1 , lady 2 .
take at one's word,
Syn. trust in, have faith in, have confidence in, put one's trust in; see believe 1 .
the word*,
Syn. information, the facts, the lowdown*; see knowledge 1 , truth 1 .
III
(Roget's 3 Superthesaurus)
I
n.
1. term noun, verb, adjective, pronoun, expression, name, lexeme, morpheme. Words soul's ambassadors.''— James Howell. ''The dress of thoughts; which should no more be presented in rags, tatters, and dirt, than your person should.''—Lord Chesterfield.
WORD FIND
acceptable word used in place of socially unacceptable one: euphemism
antiquated word: archaism
arrangement, construction of words and sentences: syntax
baby words: lallation
backwards, reads the same: palindrome
book: lexicon, dictionary, thesaurus
characterizing: epithet
coiner: neologist
combining words or word parts to form new word: agglutination
confusion, transposition of letters: dyslexia
contradictory juxtaposition of: oxymoron
difficult to pronounce correctly: *jawbreaker
disgust for certain words: logomasia
exact or appropriate word: mot juste
incorrect use of word confused with another: catachresis, malapropism
incorrect word that sounds like another: catchfool
individual word stock: ideolect
informal: colloquial, colloquialism
invention of new word: coinage
figurative: metaphor, simile, trope
foreign word sound English, make: Anglicize
forgotten word, obsession to remember: loganamnosis
humorous transposition of word sounds, such as ‘‘Hoobert Heever’’ for ‘‘Herbert Hoover’’: spoonerism
initials, word constructed of: acronym
local: localism
loss for words, at a: aporia
new: neologism
nonstandard use: barbarism, corruption
opposite in meaning: antonym
origin of: etymology
pronounce clearly: enunciate
pronunciation, poor: cacology
recall word on tip of one’s tongue, inability to: lethologica
restate in different words: paraphrase
reversal of standard meaning, such as ‘‘bad’’ meaning ‘‘good’’: melioration
showing off one’s knowledge of words: pedantry
similar in meaning: synonym
sounding like the thing it names: onomatopoeia
sounding the same but having different meanings: homonym, homophone
study of meanings: semantics
wrong title, wrong name: misnomer
2. news report, communication, announcement, communique, dispatch, bulletin, intelligence, information.
3. talk chat, meeting, consultation, conversation, discussion.
4. remark statement, comment.
5. promise pledge, solemn word, oath, word of honor, vow, assurance, guarantee.
II
v.
put into words, frame, phrase, rephrase, paraphrase.
IV
(Roget's Thesaurus II) I noun 1. A sound or combination of sounds that symbolizes and communicates a meaning: expression, locution, term. See WORDS. 2. Something said: saying, statement, utterance. See WORDS. 3. Something communicated, as information: communication, message. See WORDS. 4. A declaration that one will or will not do a certain thing: assurance, covenant, engagement, guarantee, guaranty, pledge, plight2, promise, solemn word, vow, warrant, word of honor. See OBLIGATION. 5. An authoritative indication to be obeyed: behest, bidding, charge, command, commandment, dictate, direction, directive, injunction, instruction (often used in plural), mandate, order. See OVER, WORDS. 6. New information, especially about recent events and happenings: advice (often used in plural), intelligence, news, tiding (often used in plural). Informal: scoop. See KNOWLEDGE, WORDS. 7. Idle, often sensational and groundless talk about others: gossip, gossipry, hearsay, report, rumor, talebearing, tattle, tittle-tattle. Slang: scuttlebutt. See WORDS. 8. A discussion, often heated, in which a difference of opinion is expressed. Used in plural: altercation, argument, bicker, clash, contention, controversy, debate, difficulty, disagreement, dispute, fight, polemic, quarrel, run-in, spat, squabble, tiff, wrangle. Informal: hassle, rhubarb, tangle. See CONFLICT. II verb To convey in language or words of a particular form: couch, express, formulate, phrase, put. See WORDS.

English dictionary for students. 2013.

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  • word — [OE] Word and verb are closely related. Both go back ultimately to the Indo European base *wer ‘speak, say’, which also produced Greek rhétōr ‘public speaker’ (source of English rhetoric), Latvian vārds ‘word’, and Lithuanian vardas ‘name’. Its… …   The Hutchinson dictionary of word origins

  • Word — Word, n. [AS. word; akin to OFries. & OS. word, D. woord, G. wort, Icel. or[eth], Sw. & Dan. ord, Goth. wa[ u]rd, OPruss. wirds, Lith. vardas a name, L. verbum a word; or perhaps to Gr. rh twr an orator. Cf. {Verb}.] [1913 Webster] 1. The spoken… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Word Up! — «Word Up!» Сингл Cameo из альбома Word Up! Выпущен …   Википедия

  • word — ► NOUN 1) a single distinct meaningful element of speech or writing, used to form sentences with others. 2) a remark or statement. 3) (a word) even the smallest amount of something spoken or written: don t believe a word. 4) (words) angry talk.… …   English terms dictionary

  • word — [wʉrd] n. [ME < OE, akin to Ger wort < IE * werdh (extension of base * wer , to speak, say) > Gr eirein, to speak, L verbum, word] 1. a) a speech sound, or series of them, serving to communicate meaning and consisting of at least one… …   English World dictionary

  • WORD — WORD, in the Bible, primarily renders the Hebrew davar, but also omer (pl. amarim), imrah, and peh (lit. mouth ). The word of the Lord, an oft–recurring scriptural phrase, signifies a divine communication to man that reveals God s character or… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • word — O.E. word speech, talk, utterance, word, from P.Gmc. *wurdan (Cf. O.S., O.Fris. word, Du. woord, O.H.G., Ger. wort, O.N. orð, Goth. waurd), from PIE *were speak, say (see VERB (Cf. verb)). The meaning promise was in O.E., as …   Etymology dictionary

  • Word — (zumeist von engl. word „Wort“) steht für eine Textverarbeitungssoftware von Microsoft, siehe Microsoft Word ein Datenwort, die Grundverarbeitungsdatengröße bei einem Computer die Bekräftigung oder Zustimmung (zu) einer vorangegangenen Aussage,… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • word — [n1] discussion chat, chitchat*, colloquy, confab*, confabulation, consultation, conversation, discussion, talk, tête è tête; concept 56 Ant. silence word [n2] statement account, adage, advice, announcement, bulletin, byword, comment,… …   New thesaurus

  • Word Up — may refer to:*Word Up!, a 1986 R B album by Cameo **Word Up!, a song on the above album, also covered by Gun, Melanie B and Korn *Word Up!, a slang phrase, usually an exclamation or interjection *Word Up, computer pub game, popular in the UK… …   Wikipedia

  • Word — Word, v. t. [imp. & p. p. {Worded}; p. pr. & vb. n. {Wording}.] [1913 Webster] 1. To express in words; to phrase. [1913 Webster] The apology for the king is the same, but worded with greater deference to that great prince. Addison. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

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